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Tanya In Simple English Chapter 34



It is well known that the forefathers were a Merkavah / vehicle to fulfill the Divine will.

All the days of their lives, they continuously bound their knowledge and soul to the Creator with this contemplation, that He and the universe and they are all one.

Following them all the prophets, each based on the level of their soul and comprehension, did likewise.

The level of Moses our Master was beyond all of them, for it said about him, that God spoke through his voice.

Something similar to this revelation (awareness) the Jewish people received at Mount Sinai.

However they were not able to maintain this awareness – as our sages say, that in each revelation their souls departed and had to be revived.

This is the concept of Bittul Bemitzius – to become one with the Divine energy.

As they could not maintain this awareness, they were commanded to make a Mishkan and in it to the Holy of Holies so that the Divinity of God – the Shechina, which is a revelation of the unity of God, could reside.

And when after the Holy Temple was destroyed our sages say, God’s presence dwells in the study of Torah laws – for this is His will and wisdom, as they were laid out in the laws of the code of Jewish law.

As such, after a person considers how the entire universe is one with God as mentioned – then a person should say to themselves “as my mind and the source of My Soul Is not Great enough, to continuously hold this concept and to be a continuous vehicle for the oneness of God” as in actual truth no mind can truly grasp God at all – in any way shape or form! and can ever reach the understanding of Forefathers and Prophets – as such, I will cause that I will be be a Mishkan / dwelling place for God, when I study Torah, using the free time I have, to set scheduled study times, every morning and every evening – as is the law of how much to Study – and as I say even but one chapter in the morning and evening…. In this my heart will be filled with joy and I will give great thanks on how fortunate I am, with a joy and glad heart, that I have been privileged to host God many times or twice during the day – based on the time God has given me and if there is extra time, I will add extra Torah study. And even the time that one works, one can be a home and a Mishkan for God, as when you give charity, which is one of the attributes of God “As He is compassionate, so must we” as it states in Tikkunim “Chessed / kindness is God’s right hand” and though I may possibly only be giving a fifth of my income, but this elevates the other 4/5 to God – causing that all the time that went into making the money, all becomes a fitting dwelling for God, as our sages teach, that the commandment to give charity is equivalent to all the sacrifices! and we know that by sacrifices, that all animals would be elevated to God, through the single one that was sacrificed… similarly all the vegetation would elevate through a single tenth of an Eifah of fine flour mixed with oil etc.

In addition whenever we study Torah and prayer, everything that we eat and drink and have pleasure from to sustain our body, elevates up to God, as we will discuss later.

Now all the specific joys of the soul that we have just mentioned, do not prevent one from simultaneously seeing oneself as despicable and having a broken and humble heart and simultaneously rejoicing – as the cause of the self repulsion is based on the evil of the animal soul in the body, while the source of the joy comes from The Godly soul and the spark of God which is in it – that causes it to be alive, as mentioned before in (Chapter 31) and this is similar to what it states in the Zohar that one should have crying in one side of the heart, and rejoicing the other side of the heart.

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If what I am hearing from the military which is China is basically trying to be a superpower – then what they don’t realize, that in an age of nuclear weapons, not to mention of a higher consciousness of goodness, kindness, humaness, which is much much more honored than brute Force, tyranny and repression – the notion of power itself, not only is not laudable, it is actually unless used for the benefit of humanity quite reprehensible

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Tanya In Simple English Chapter 32



Now by doing all of these things, namely that one’s body should be despicable in their eyes and one’s Joy should only be the joy of the Soul – this is an easy way to achieve the fulfillment of the Mitzvah “To Love Your Fellow Jew,” including each and every single Jew, from the greatest to the smallest.

As one’s body is despicable to themselves – but the Soul and Spirit, it is impossible to estimate it’s greatness in its source in God-Himself.

And therefore those who consider the body most important but their soul not as important – they can never have true love, for their love being intrinsically selfish as the body is, is only based on something that is in it for themselves – in contrast All souls at the source are one; and they have one father! and therefore all Jews are literally brothers and sisters, based on their singular source in God, only their bodies are separate.

And this is what Hillel the Elder meant when he said regarding the Mitzvah to love your fellow Jew – “This is the entire Torah, and the rest is only the explanation of it.”

As the very premise and basis of the entire Torah is to make what is most dominant and important in your life, Your SOUL – in contrast to your body, and in fact, realize, that your soul is the source of all universes – and also to draw the Divine Infinity into the general soul of all Jews, as we will speak about in further chapters – in other words, in the source of all Jewish souls, that this unity of God and source of Jewish souls, like two flames in one fire, merge.

However if there is a separation God-forbid in the souls, then God cannot dwell in a broken palace, as it is written “Bless us God, Bless us our father, Bless us as one. Bless us with the light of your face,” as we spoke about elsewhere at length – in other words, when we are one; is the ability for Divinity to penetrate and unite with us.

And this that it is written in the Gemarah that a person who sees that his friend sins, it is a Mitzvah to hate him and also to tell his Rabbi to hate him, this only refers to a colleague in Torah and Mitzvahs – in addition the individual has already reprimanded or tried to educate them and nonetheless they refuse to cease sinning as spoken about in The Book of Chareidim – however anyone who is not a friend / colleague… then you must apply what Hillel the Elder said, “Be like the students of Aaron, Love peace, Love people and draw them close to the Torah” in other words, even somebody who is so distant from God’s Torah and His service and he’s only referred to by the very fact that he is a creation of God alone, must be loved with great ropes of love; and maybe you can cause them to also study Torah and serve God, but even if you’re unsuccessful, you have still fulfilled the mitzvah To love him / your fellow.

And those who are close to you and you have reprimanded them and they have not stop sinning, where there is a Mitzvah to hate them, it is also simultaneous a Mitzvah to love them.

Now both of these can coexist, because one can be upset about the bad in another and love another based on their intrinsic goodness which is the Divine soul that is giving life to their Godly soul, and one can also have great compassion for them in their hearts – as The Godly soul is in exile in the evil of the Sitra Achara of this person who is dominated the wicked; and compassion eliminates anger/hate and it causes the Awakening of love – as is known, from what is written, that ” Jacob is compassion, Abraham is love” and whereas love may sometimes turn to hate / anger – compassion turns anger back to love (and King David who said “I hate those who hate you God, was referring only to the willful deniers of God who have no part in the GOD of Israel as it says in the Talmud the beginning of chapter 16 of Shabbos.)

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Tanya In Simple English Chapter 33



In addition a person can have soul Joy, true Joy – particularly when he sees that he needs to add in joy through contemplating, imagining, and understanding how God is truly one in this universe! How He fills all details and aspects and creations above and below, and even in this physical world His presence is here!

And compared to Him everything is as if it doesn’t exist!!

In actual fact, He alone is the only existence, both above and below, and this is literally true!

His existence today is exactly as it was before anything was created, and even in this physical location, He was the only Being filling this space; and just as this was prior to Creation, so too is it now after creation – there’s absolutely no difference from before and after – the reason for this is because all created beings are nothing, and are subsumed within His existence as letters of speech which though they have their own identity as well as letters of thought, but as they exist within the soul as a desire or as an intellect – in other words a conceptual premise or emotion, there they have no actual physical defined letters – in other words before it’s entered into thinking about it (as we discussed in chapter 20, 21 at length, see there.)

And as we also wrote an example, like a ray of light of the Sun that was in the Sun, it must also be shining (and with far greater strength, intensity, luminosity there…) but there it is nothing, for it is one with the Sun – in a similar sense, the entire universe is nothing related to its source – which is the infinite light of God, as we discussed there at length.

Now when a person thinks deeply into this, his heart will be filled with joy and his soul will rejoice a great joy in this faith, for it is a wondrous thing – as this Faith itself creates a great bond with God, and in fact this is the entire purpose of man and the existence of all the universes above and below – that God should dwell within this world, as we will relate at length later.

Now how great would be the joy of a simple and low person when a great king would connect to him and live with him in his home! How much infinitely more so when you consider that through this meditation you are getting connected to the King of all Kings, God; as it states, “Who is he whose heart would be so bold to approach me, says God.”

And this is why our sages instituted to offer praise to God’s Holy Name every morning, and to say “How fortunate are we and how lucky is our portion and how beautiful is our inheritance…” in other words, just like a person would rejoice in an inheritance that he found, a great treasure which he worked not for – how much infinitely more so should he be joyful in the inheritance that God has given us, which is the unity of God, that even in this world there’s nothing but God… and this is how He actually dwells here…. through having this contemplation; and this is what our sages say, that there are 613 Mitzvahs given to the Jewish people, and Chabakuk the prophet came and he founded them all on one; as he says, “A Tzaddik / righteous person lives by his faith.” In other words, imagine as if you only have a single Mitzvah which is this Faith itself!

For through this faith you will come to fulfill all the other 613 – In other words when your heart will rejoice in this true faith, how God is completely one, this will cause a great rejoicing – imagine it is the only reason why you were created, and the creation of all the universes is to have this contemplation!

So then with the power of this energy from this Joy, your soul will lift itself above all restrictions, of not doing the 613 Mitzvos, both internal and external – and this is the wording of Chabakuk that “He will live with his faith” and the terminology indicates “it will cause life,” like resurrection of the Dead for example – so too his soul will be resurrected through this great joy and in fact it is a double joy!, For besides the fact that his soul feels the great pleasure that God is close and living with him… furthermore he should feel Joy for God! that this causes God a great joy! For through this the Kelipa is subdued, and in fact converts to light.

In other words the darkest Kelipah which is in this world that conceals the light of God, until the coming of Moshiach, as it says “The end of darkness has come”. In other words, this is the final moments of exile, when the impure spirit has left this world – the glory of God is revealed – and all people will see together, as we will discuss later, and this great joy is especially in the land of the gentiles that the air is impure
… and filled with Kelipa and Sitra Achara; for There Is no greater Joy to God like the light and the joy that comes from the darkness itself!

In other words, when you have this contemplation in the gentile lands – and you bring the light of God…. this gives God great joy and this is what it says, that every Jew should rejoice in God!

In other words, that every single Jew you should take great joy in God’s pleasure that He has Joy when He dwells below in this physical world and this is why it speaks about God’s rejoicing in what He created, in a plural sense – which is this physical world that is filled with many Kelipas, which are called the public domain, and division – and they get converted to light, and they become a single domain / Dominion for the unity of the one God through this contemplation!!

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Tanya In Simple English Chapter 31


Even if somebody will meditate deeply in these concepts for an hour or two and be very broken-hearted and low-spirited, this should not lead to depression God forbid.

For regarding Holiness it says that “Joy and strength are found” and the Shechina / God’s presence dwells only amid Joy.

Simalerly when it comes to laws, that one should be joyous.

Nonetheless, when sadness does not come from physical things but from spiritual failings etc. then it is from the positive within Kelipas Nogah.


(And therefore the Ari-Zal wrote that even worrying about sins is inappropriate, except for when one says Vidui… but not during regular prayer and study of Torah, for then one must be very joyous – as Joy is the side of holiness.)

Nonetheless this is the mechanism to break the Sitra-Achara through using its own tools.

However in truth as our sages say, that the axe comes from the tree that chops it.

This is what our sages say, that there is a benefit to sadness…. and the benefit is the joy which follows the sadness, as will be explained.

In Truth a broken heart and a bitter soul due to her distance from the light of God, and the fact that she has gone into the Sitra Achara are not really called sadness in Hebrew.

For the definition of sadness is that a person’s heart has become unfeeling, and there is no energy within the person.

Whereas bitterness and a broken heart are actually the opposite… for a person does have the energy to feel and to be bitter – it is only that the energy within them comes from the “tough side / Gevurois” of Holiness – whereas the joy comes from the loving-kindness side, for the heart has both.

Now at times the person must arouse within themselves “the toughness of holiness…” in order to eliminate the Kelipah which is the animal Soul when it is overpowering God-forbid the person – (as is known , you can only overcome “fire with fire”) and therefore the sages say, a person should shout at their Yetzer Hara… – in other words whenever they see this as being necessary….

However a good time to do this, is when in any event a person is feeling sad over physical matters or just randomly without any specific reason… – this is a good time to use the sadness to contemplate ones sins… as mentioned in the previous chapters…. and to fulfill what our sages say “You should shout at your Yetzer Hara…”

And through this one rids oneself of sadness from physical things and then comes to true Joy.

This true Joy comes about by contemplating and consoling oneself that “even though all of the past is true… all the things that have been mentioned… that I’m definitely very distant from God and despicable etc. nonetheless, this is only my body and my animal soul that is in it – however I also have literally a part of God in Me.

In fact even the most sinful Jew has a part of God which is His Godly soul which literally has God within it, which is its life-force and it’s only that this life-force is concealed within it.

As this is the case then to the contrary, the more distant I am from God, the more repulsive I am… this means that my Godly soul which is in me, is in an even greater exile and darkness… as such, the compassion I must feel in my Godly soul is exceedingly great!

Therefore I will place my energy to redeem her and save her from her exile to return her to her father the king’s home, as she was before she came down into my body.

She was there, one with the light of God in a complete unity – the truth is, that this can happen once again for now she can merge with God when I will place my energy in the study of Torah and doing Mitzvos – when I place all the 10 powers of my soul (as mentioned) into it- particularly the Mitzvah of prayer, to cry to God over the pain of her exile in my body… my repulsive body that He should take her out of her prison… and attach her to God” –

This is a true repentance / return, as it says “repentance and Good deeds” which refers to the Good deeds that one does in order to return the Godly soul to its source within God!

And so will my service To God throughout my entire life – with great joy I will feel the joy of my Godly soul, which has left the constraints of my low body, and returned to her father’s home, as she was before she descended! which occurs when I study Torah and I pray.”

This is the meaning of what our sages say, that our entire life we should be doing Teshuva, and there can be no greater Joy, as the joy of redemption from confinement – as the example of the prince who was captured and was imprisoned and is forced to grind wheat standing in garbage and then he comes home to his father’s house… the palace, the king! You could imagine how much greater is the joy of this individual than when things are just normal…

And though the body remains in her repulsive State as it states in the Zohar, that it is called a “serpents skin,” as the essence of the animal Soul has not transformed to good / to become part of Holiness; Nevertheless a person’s Joy should be mainly the joy of their soul! which should be more important to them than their low body and in this way, you do not confuse the joy of your soul, with the sadness of the body.

Now this level is the level of “leaving Egypt…” for when we leave Egypt it said, that “the nation ran from Egypt”.

Now this is a bit perplexing… for even if they told Pharaoh that they must go freely, he was forced to do so – so what does it mean that they had to run…. rather the meaning is, that the evil in their souls was still strong in the left side – so the intention was to take their Godly souls out of the exile of the Sitra Achara which was the impurity of Egypt and to attach themselves to God – as it is written, “God is my strength and my power and my protector in the day of danger.” “He is my protector.” “He is my salvation.” And therefore in the future when God will remove the spirit of impurity from the land / Earth, it says, “We will not need to run from exile, but we will go calmly, for God your God is going before you.”

And in order for this Teshuva to be exceedingly great and strong from the depths of one’s heart and likewise, the joy of one’s soul should be with added light and joy!… this will occur if you consider and meditate and contemplate, to console yourself from the sadness…. that “though everything mentioned previously about one’s lowness due to sins and distance from God etc. is true…, however I did not make myself.

So why would God cause that a part of His light which fills and encompasses all universes and before it all universes are not even like a speck of dust… why would he take it and put it in a “serpents skin…” in a putrid drop – it must be that the purpose of such a descent is for the subsequent ascent – in other words, to elevate to God…. to elevate my entire animal soul from the Kelipas Nogah and all of her Garments, whether it is her thoughts, speech, action – by using Torah thoughts, speech, and actions. (As it will say further the idea of this elevation at length – that it is the entire purpose of creation!);

And as this is the case, this is what I will do, and this shall be my goal all the days of my life, to place my spirit and soul and energy within the Torah and Mitzvos as the verse says, “To you God is my soul seeking” – meaning to connect my mind, my speech with His mind / thoughts and speech of God – which are the actual Jewish laws that have been organized in the Jewish code of law.

As well as in action, to do the actual Mitzvos, this is why the Torah is called that “It restores the soul” to return it to its source…. this is what it says ” that the laws of God are both upright and they give joy to the heart.”