Tanya In Simple English – chapter 7 – Iggeres Hateshuva

However the honest and straight path to the lower Teshuva – restoring the lower Hei…. generally speaking, includes two things:

The first is to inspire a great compassion from the source of compassion, on your soul and on the Godly soul,s that fell from the highest of heights, being one with God, to the lowest of depths, into the impurity and other side.

Furthermore to have a great compassion on her source, within God Himself, as it says, “And he will return to God and have compassion.”

In other words to have great compassion on the energy from the name Havayeh which went down into the realms of the impure other side, to give them life through the actions and the machinations and bad thoughts of man – like it says, “A king chained in chains of bad thoughts” and this is the Shechina in Golus.

And the appropriate time for this is when we say Tikkun Chatzois.

This is what it says, “The crown of our head has fallen, oh how sad for us that we have siñned.”

It is for this reason that God is called the “humiliated king.” For can there be a greater humiliation than this?!

Particularly when a clever person will contemplate the infinite greatness of God, who fills all universes and encompasses all the universes – can there be a greater humiliation?!

The second mechanism of the lower Teshuva is to humble the Kelipah and Sitra Achara.

For his entire entity is only arrogance and its puffed up ego.

As such when it is humbled / humiliated this is its Extinction.

This occurs through a person humbling oneself by considering all of their sins.

As the Zohar comments on “The broken and humble heart, is the sacrifice of God.”

A person should meditate / contemplate for an hour prior to Tikkun Chatzois (at night) how their sinful thoughts, speech and action, caused the Shechina to descend into such shame.

This is the meaning of what our sages said that “the wicked, even when they are alive, they are dead.”

This means that their life is coming from the source of death.

And even one who has not transgressed the transgression of Kares or a transgression where the punishment is death, such as wasting semen or similar sins… (so why would he think he caused the Shechina to descend?)

However he sinned in other more minor  sins and every sin causes a dent in the soul. This is like the example we gave before, of a 613 twined string, and each Mitzvah is one strand.

As such by transgressing many more minor transgressions, it can create a cut in the general string.

The same can occur by God-forbid repeating the same sin many times.

Now just like a thick cloud can block the Sun, so too, many thin curtains.

This certainly applies not only to the multiple times one transgresses minor sins, but for sins that are compared to Major sins, for example one who pretends not to see the poor – which is compared to idolatry.

And speaking negatively about another, which is compared to the three Cardinal sins of murder, adultery, and idolatry.

“Whoever gets angry – it is as if he has worshiped an idol.”

Similarly whoever has arrogance.

There are many such examples in the Talmud.

Compared to all of them is the neglect of Torah study… – as our sages say, “God forgave the worship of idols, but not the neglect of Torah study.”

For this reason our sages organized in the recital of Shema at night, the acceptance of the four deaths.

This is besides the fact that according to Kabbalah, whoever dents the letter Yud of God’s name Havayeh is as if He is liable for death by Skileh – whoever dents the letter Hei is liable for death by Chenek – whoever dents the letter Vov is liable for Hereg – and whoever dents the letter Hei is liable for death by Chenek.

Now one who transgresses by not saying Shema effects the letter Yud – one who transgresses by not putting on Teffilin, effects the letter Hei – one who transgresses by not wearing Kosher Tzitzis effects the letter Vov – and one who transgresses by not Praying (Shemoina Esrei) effects the final Hei.

And the wise person can deduce regarding other sins, namely, that they affect God’s name, and of course the neglect of Torah corresponds to them all.

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