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Tanya in Simple English Chapter 26



Now we must announce a great principle and that is, just as two people who are fighting – victory will be gained if one of them is energetic, while when the other is lazy and lethargic, even if he were stronger will he lose… Similarly when it comes to beating the Yetzer Hara, it is impossible to do so, if one is lazy and lethargic, which comes from sadness and dullness, a heavy cold heart…

Rather only through _alertness_ , which comes from Joy and a heart that is free from all worries and sadness.

Now although it says, that “there is a benefit to sadness…” this refers to that there is a positive outcome that can come from it.

In actual fact, from the terminology… “There is a benefit to sadness” this shows us, that sadness itself has no benefit.

It’s only that some kind of benefit can come… Which is the joy, the true joy in God, your God – which comes after a true sadness….

The benefit is that when a person contemplates at designated times all their sins and feels deep remorse and a humble heart – which this causes the breaking of the spirit of evil in them etc. and the iron wall which blocks a person to their Father in Heaven – as it states in the Zohar on the verse “A humble spirit, a broken heart etc.” – and then the beginning of the verse “Give me joy and gladness etc.” “restore me to the joy of your salvation and your generous heart etc.”

In other words, after one feels remorse for their negative, they request of God forgiveness, and God being all-forgiving immediately forgives them and then they feel a great joy to have been restored in a true Union with God.

And this is the simple reason, why the Ari-Zal instituted to say this psalm after Tikkun Chatzois, before studying Torah – for the goal is to study Torah with true Joy – and this is the joy which comes after sadness. –

This Joy is so great that it is compared to the benefit of light after darkness, as it says in the Zohar on the verse “And I have seen that there is a benefit to wisdom over foolishness, like the benefit of light etc.” see there… and this is sufficient for the wise.

And the verse is very clear… that exile is a result of not serving God with the joy and a happy heart in good times… as the Ari Zal explained.

In other words, the goal is Serving GOD JOYFULLY! there is no purpose in sadness.

Now the mechanism to rid one’s heart of all sadness and worry from matters of this world, even such things that are as personal as children, life / health, sustenance / income… – well known it is to all, the saying of our sages that “just as one should thank God for the good, they should thank God for the bad…”

The Talmud explains: this means to accept it with joy, as you would accept a gift.

The reason for this is, because this too is a gift.

It is only that it is not apparent to our physical eyes.

This gift is coming from the concealed realm of God.

This reason is, in fact higher than the revealed realm, in other words that which we perceive….

The revealed realm is the last two letters of God’s name Vov and Hey… and the concealed realm is the first two letters .. Yud and Hay.

This is why the verse States, “Fortunate is the person that Yud and Hay chastises them.”

Therefore our sages say, that those who rejoice in their suffering the verse says of them “I love them as the heat of the Sun in its strength” for this Joy emanates from the love of God, that one loves God and closeness to God more than all physical material things, as it says, “Your kindness is greater to me than life.”

And the closeness to God is exceedingly great… in fact infinitely beyond, in the concealed realm – for there His true love and concealed greatness resides.

For this reason, such a person merits the infinite love of God in the time to come – which is referred to as “the sun being taken out of its covering…” which it is concealed in, in this world.

In the future it will be revealed – this means that the hidden World will be revealed… and it will shine with an incredible light to all who seek God in this world, and take shelter under His shadow – the shadow of wisdom, which it’s called a shadow… as opposed to a revealed light… (in other words those who can perceive that God loves them and does only good for them… even when the heart doesn’t feel the revealed good…) and this is sufficient for the wise.

However when it comes to sadness which emanates from worry over spiritual matters, then a person must consider how to get rid of these guilt-pangs.

Obviously when one is praying to God, it goes without question that one should feel no guilt / sadness – for one has to serve God with joy and a happy heart… But even if the business person during his work finds that he receives a guilt pang, from a spiritual matter – he should realize, this is actually only the machinations of the Yetzer Hara which is trying to get him down – for as when we are down, we seek to remove our misery through temporary gratification, therefore he will easily fall prey to lusts etc. as is known.

The proof that this is actually the machinations of the Yetzer Hara is quite simple, for where would sadness… true sadness… based on love of God or fear – in middle of his work come from (“True reality” is that which is beneficial.)

Now whether a person receives sadness / guilt pangs during prayer or Torah study or during work the person should tell themselves “Now is not the time to for true sadness, even for thinking about serious sins God-forbid.”

Rather a person needs a designated time and an opportune time to calmly reflect on the greatness of God against whom one has sinned – in order that through this his heart to be broken truly humbled with internal misery/ feeling upset… and this time has been discussed elsewhere.

There it also explains, that right after one feels humbled at these designated times, then one should remove the sadness from his heart entirely…. and trust with a complete trust that God has removed his sin and he is very forgiving… and this is the true Joy in God which comes after sadness, as mentioned.

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